Journals & Books

  • Separation of Powers – Montesquieu – The Spirit of Laws – Extract

    The theory of separation of powers was first propounded by the French thinker Montesquieu (in his book The Spirit of Laws). In Chapter XI of his book The Spirit of Laws Montesquieu writes: When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of Magistrates, there can be…

  • Extract: New Dimensions of Justice (1997) – J.S. Verma, J.

    Extract from: B.N. Datar Centenary Endowment Lecture New Dimensions of Justice by Justice J.S. Verma [Cite as : (1997) 3 SCC (Jour) 3] “…Justice is the ideal to be achieved by Law. Justice is the goal of law. Law is a set of general rules applied in the administration of justice. Justice is in a…

  • Wills’ Circumstantial Evidence – Extract – Quote

    Sir Alfred Wills in his admirable book “Wills’ Circumstantial Evidence” (Chapter VI) lays down the following rules specially to be observed in the case of circumstantial evidence: (1) the facts alleged as the basis of any legal inference must be clearly proved and beyond reasonable doubt connected with the factum probandum; (2) the burden of…

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